WO 309 1943-1986 War Office: Judge Advocate General's Office, British Army of the Rhine War Crimes Group (North West Europe) and predecessors: Registered Files (BAOR and other series)

This series contains the records of the War Crimes Section of the Judge Advocate General's Branch of Headquarters 21st Army Group, set up in 1945 to investigate alleged war crimes in North West Europe.

Following its creation, the War Crimes Group (North West Europe), British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) assumed responsibility for unfinished cases originated in other units and hence the series contains some case files dealing with suspected war crimes outside North West Europe (e.g. Russia and Italy).

The series also contains policy and administrative files dealing with civilian internment, detention reports, and CROWCASS lists.

Also contained in this series are records of subordinate headquarters concerned mainly with the convening of courts for the trial of war criminals, attendance of witnesses and general arrangements for trials. Occasionally there may be gaps in the sequence of original file references. These gaps may represent files which have not survived, but others may be filled by pieces elsewhere in the series.



Reference: WO 309/21
Description:

Brunnen near Arnhem, Holland: shooting of British POWs

Date: 1945 Aug - 1948 Jan                 

Reference: WO 309/44
Description:

Apeldoorn, The Netherlands: killing of two allied airmen

Date: 1945 May - 1948 Sept                 

Reference: WO 309/135
Description:

Almelo near Enschede, Holland: killing of British airman and a Dutch civilian.

Includes 16 photographs depicting: HQ BAOR: War Crimes Group (NWE); Ludwig Schweinberger together with others (named), accused of killing Flying Officer Gerald Hood and Dutch civilian Bote vander Val near Almelo, Holland. Photograph of the deceased Flying Officer Gerald Hood. Dated 1945-1948.

Date: 1945 Aug - 1948 Nov                 

Reference: WO 309/184
Description:

Zwolle, Holland: shooting of allied nationals.

Includes 13 photographs depicting: HQ BAOR: War Crimes Group (NWE); killing of two British soldiers and Dutch nationals at Zwolle, Holland in March/April 1945; photographs of accused (named). Dated 1946.

Date: 1946 May - Oct                 

Reference: WO 309/494
Description:

Oxerhof Concentration Camp near Deventer, Holland: killing of ten Dutch nationals

Date: 1945 Apr - Aug                 

eference: WO 309/581
Description:

Almelo, Holland: killing of British airmen and Dutch civilian

Date: 1945 Sept-1948 June                 

Reference: WO 309/750
Description:

Apeldoorn, Netherlands: killing of two allied airmen and six Dutch nationals

Date: 1946 Mar-1948 Sept                 

Reference: WO 309/846
Description:

Apeldoorn, Netherlands: killing of two allied airmen and six Dutchmen.

Includes 4 photographs depicting: HQ BAOR: War Crimes Group (NWE); killing of Flight Sergeant Kenneth Ingram (RAF) and Pilot Officer Bob Zurcher [Sergeant Bob Zercher] (USAAF) together with six members of Dutch underground movement on 2 October 1944 at Apeldoorn, Holland by Gestapo execution squad. Dated 1946-1948. 


Reference: WO 309/848
Description:

Arnhem, Holland: killing of British soldiers

Date: 1945 Oct - 1947 May                 

Reference: WO 309/920
Description:

Zwolle, Holland: killing of two British soldiers and Dutch nationals.

Includes 19 photographs depicting: HQ BAOR: War Crimes Group (NWE); Hans Kolitz, accused together with others (named) of killing two British soldiers and Dutch nationals at Zwolle, Holland in April 1945; photographs of accused. Dated 1946.

Date: 1946 May - Nov                 

Reference: WO 309/1593
Description:

Enschede, Holland: killing of allied airman.

Includes 27 photographs depicting: HQ BAOR, War Crimes Group (NWE): Erwin Knop, together with others (named) accused of killing Allied airmen at Enschede, Holland; accused, exhumed bodies, graves and Dutch prisoners (named). Dated 1945-1946.

Date: 1945 Aug-1946 Feb                 

Reference: WO 309/1598
Description:

Almelo, near Enschede, Holland, killing of allied airman and Dutch national

Date: 1945 Sept-Nov

Reference: WO 309/1951
Description:

Shooting (three dead, one missing) of British prisoners of war at Brunnen, between Arnhem and Zutphen, Netherlands, 23 September 1944

Date: 1945 Nov 01 - 1946 Jul 31                 

Reference: WO 309/2035
Description:

Alleged murder of British prisoners of war at Arnhem, The Netherlands, September 1944

Date: 1945 May 01 - 1947 Apr 30                 

eference: WO 309/2155
Description:

Shooting of Sergeant J P Austin and Dutch civilians at Hattem, Holland, April 1945

Date: 1945 Jan 01 - 1947 Dec 31

Reference: WO 309/2171
Description:

Death (through shooting or lack of medical attention) of LT Anderson at Amerongen, Holland, April 1945

Date: 1945 Apr 01 - 1946 Aug 31